What are PHP Operators?
Operators are sings or symbols that are used to perform operations with variables and values. Like: +, , =, ==, > etc.
Example: –
<?php
$x = 5;
$y = 4;
echo $x + $y;
?>
In the above example + plus is an operator and it is used to perform additions.
PHP Operator types
In PHP, there are so many operators, PHP divides these operators into the following groups –
 Arithmetic Operators
 Assignment Operators
 Comparison Operators
 Incrementing and Decrementing Operators
 Logical Operators
 String Operators
 Array Operators
 Spaceship Operator (Introduced in PHP 7)
This is a list of the most used operators. But in PHP, there are also more operators. Check out the list of all operators.
In this chapter, we will only discuss Arithmetic and Assignment operators. But in the next tutorials, we will discuss other operators briefly.
PHP Arithmetic Operators
The PHP Arithmetic Operators are used to perform common math operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, etc. You can also call these, mathematical operators.
$x = 6;
$y = 2;
Operator  Name  Example  Result 
+  Addition 
 8 
–  Subtraction 
 4 
*  Multiplication 
 12 
/  Division 
 3 
%  Modulus 
 0 
**  Exponentiation 
 36 
PHP Assignment Operator
PHP Assignment Operator is used to assign value to a variable. The assignment operator is the equal sign =.
<?php
$x = "Hello PHP";
echo "$x";
?>
PHP Combined Assignment Operators
Combined Assignment Operators are also used to assign values to variables.
But combined assignment operators first perform operations then assign values to variables.
<?php
$x = 6;
$x += 2;
/*
Same as
$x = $x + 2;
*/
echo $x;
?>
In the above of example, first, we declare the $x variable with value 6, then in the second line, first, perform the addition operation $x + 2 and then we reassign the addition result into the $x variable.
List of PHP Combined Assignment Operators –
$x = 6;
Operator  Example  Same as  Result 
+= 

 11 
= 

 4 
*= 

 18 
/= 

 3 
%= 

 0 
**= 

 36 
Example:
<?php
$x = 6;
$x += 5;
echo "Addition: $x <br>";
$x = 6;
$x = 2;
echo "Subtraction: $x <br>";
$x = 6;
$x *= 3;
echo "Multiplication: $x <br>";
$x = 6;
$x /= 2;
echo "Division: $x <br>";
$x = 6;
$x %= 3;
echo "Modulus: $x <br>";
$x = 6;
$x **= 2;
echo "Exponentiation: $x";
?>
Subtraction: 4
Multiplication: 18
Division: 3
Modulus: 0
Exponentiation: 36
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Chandan Tudu